The International Energy Agency (IEA), has published a new report which discusses the current state of bioenergy, including sustainability issues and economic perspectives, and recommends actions to increase sustainable bioenergy deployment.
The aim of the document is to identify the main tasks to accelerate the sustainable deployment of bioenergy.
In addition, it aims to enhance deployment of advanced biomass cookstoves and biogas systems to 320 million households in developing countries by 2030 in order to reduce the use of inefficient and environmentally harmful traditional biomass used for cooking and heating, and contribute to universal access to modern and sustainable energy.
The project addresses: the current status of bioenergy; sustainability issues; economic perspectives and cost reduction targets; biomass supply; technology improvements; and policy issues.
In Europe, the Commission adopted a new strategy to promote a sustainable “bioeconomy”.
In the USA, the government adopted a new plan to strenghten bioscience research.
The initiative projects that the global bioenergy supply for heat and electricity production could double by 2050, providing up to 7.5% of world electricity generation, 15% of global final energy consumption in industry, and 20% of total world heat energy for buildings.
In addition, as Bo Diczfalusy, IEA Director of Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology, mentioned at the launch of the project : “Using bioenergy for both heat and power could bring 2 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions savings per year in 2050 compared to a business-as-usual scenario, 35% of which from biomass heat in industry and buildings.”
The document provides suggestions to achieve the potential of bioenergy over the next 40 years, including: co-firing biomass in coal-fired plants; the development of large-scale biomass power plants; international coordination of certification systems for sustainable bioenergy; and government action to establish a framework for investments in sustainable bioenergy electricity and heat production.