• The European Environment Agency (EEA) has released thirteen climate change indicators, updating the information included in the 2012 report. This was named ‘Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability in Europe, and presented information on past and projected climate change and related impacts in Europe, based on a range of indicators.According to the EEA, last decade was the warmest ever in Europe. Sea level rise, warming oceans, shrinking snow cover and other global trends are having an heavy impact on the continent.EEA updated indicators following the information presented in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) on the physical science of climate change (published in September 2013) and collecting personal data.Updates concern global temperature, mean precipitation; storms; glaciers; snow cover; Greenland ice sheet; Arctic and Baltic sea ice; permafrost; global and European sea level rise; sea surface temperature; ocean acidification; ocean heat content; and storm surges.They found greenhouse gas as one of the main concern, as if greenhouse emissions continue at high levels, they expect to find the Arctic Ocean almost ice-free every September by mid-century.In terms of facilitating adaptation to these climatic changes, EEA also announced new case studies, such as the The Netherlands’ ‘Room for the River’ project, and Spain’s promotion of a water saving culture.

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